David W. Davis, Charles Puddefoot, and The Detroit Cork Screw Company
by Josef Andre L’Africain
My invention relates to an improvement in wire-­‐cutters and cork-­‐pullers,
the object of the same being to provide a lever-­‐corkscrew of such
construction that the device will be found to possess every detail in
connection with an implement of this character to render the same
serviceable in every respect, and especially to provide a corkscrew with
means for cutting wire on bottles in connection with means for
conveniently removing the cork with but a very slight effort—a feature
which is especially desirable and absolutely necessary to a perfectly-­‐
equipped implement of this character…
David W. Davis
David W. Davis, in his July 14th 1891 patent description, describes his
corkscrew as being “perfectly-­‐equipped,” and in short order Davis’ implement would become
even more perfectly-­‐equipped as he began to combine the July 14
th
patent (number 455,826)
with a patent he was awarded only seven days earlier (number 455,610) for his Pocket-­‐Knife.
Davis, from his patent description, seemed to believe that not only was his corkscrew a quality
implement, Davis also explains that, “A further object is to provide a corkscrew…which will be
simple, economical in construction, and durable in efficient in use…” and “…may be carried in the
pocket without inconvenience.”
Functioning with a fulcrum-­‐lever mechanism, Davis’ corkscrew is indeed both simple and
efficient. And, the variations that have been unearthed, as well as the wide variety companies
that chose the Davis corkscrew as a vehicle to advertise their wares, beverages, or
establishments, have made the Davis a mainstay in many of our
collections. And, for some of us have led to small collections
within our collections.
Davis, and his Detroit Cork-­‐Screw Company, also seemed to
have
an
effective
marketing
campaign,
and
their
advertisements definitely focused on the simplicity and ease of
use. As the ad to the left explains, “A woman or child can pull
any cork with ease.”
Beyond
various
advertising
that
appears on the Davis corkscrews,
which will be dicussed later, there are two markings that generally
appear on the Davis; THE DAVIS CORK SCREW PAT. JULY 14, 1891 and
the Davis with knife blade THE DAVIS KNIFE & CORKSCREW PAT’D
JULY 7 & 14 1891.